A Timeline of Berlin-Brandenburg - 1400's AD
>> 1200s1300s1400s1500s1600s1700s1800s1900s2000 ++

1400 Berlin and Cölln have a total of roughly 8,500 inhabitants and 1,100 buildings. Between them, the twin cities have three town halls, three hospitals, churches, and monasteries with residences for the clergy and the court of the margrave.

1411 After a period of rule by the Luxembourg dynasty, the Mark Brandenburg, known as the empires "sandlitterbox" (Streusandbüchse), is bought by Burgrave Friedrich VI (1371-1440) of Nuremberg, a member of the powerful Hohenzollern family, who quickly takes over the administration and control of Brandenburg, initiating more than 500 years of Hohenzollern rule in Berlin.

1414 November 9 Albrecht III Achilles, elector of Brandenburg is born at Tangermunde. He is the third son of Friedrich I of Brandenburg of Hohenzollern, elector of Brandenburg, later Burgrave of Nuremberg. After passing time at the court of the emperor Sigismund, he takes part in the war against the Hussites, and afterwards distinguishes himself assisting German king, Albert II, against the Poles.

After the division of territory following his father's death in 1440, Albert received the margravate of Ansbach. Although his resources were very meager, he soon took a leading place among the German princes, and was especially prominent in resisting the attempts of the towns to obtain self-government.

1415 At the Council of Constance, Emperor Sigismund elevates Friedrich VI to the rank of Elector and Margrave of Brandenburg as Friedrich I (1415 to 1440). The Hohenzollerns transformed the poor marshes and woodlands over the centuries into the nucleus of a powerful state and ruled Brandenburg until the end of World War I.

1432 Berlin and Cölln merge to form a single municipality. Although successful, their joint administration will last less than 10 years.

1440 Elector Friedrich I of Brandenburg (1371-1440), elector from 1415 to 1440, dies, and is succeeded by Friedrich II (“the Iron”) (1413-1471), elector from 1440 to 1470.

1442 The elector Friedrich II (“the Iron”) puts an end to the joint administration of Berlin and Cölln in the interest of expanding his own powers.

1443 The foundation stone of what will become Berlin’s City Palace is laid on the “Spree island” in Cölln. Construction and reconstruction continue until 1716, when the building takes its final form.

1470 Friedrich II (“the Iron”) (1413-1471), elector from 1440 to 1470, dies, and is succeeded by Albrecht Achilles (1414-1486), elector from 1470 to 1486.

1470 December The Holy Roman emperor gives the duchies of Pomerania, Kashubia, Stettin (Szczecin) and Wenden in leage to the electors of Brandenburg, making them in turn the leagelords of the dukes of Western Pomerania, as well as the principality of Rügen.

1486 Albrecht Achilles (1414-1486), elector from 1470 to 1486, dies, and is succeeded by Johann Cicero (1455-1499), elector from 1486 to 1499. Johann Cicero soon makes the palace in Cölln the permanent residence of the Brandenburg electors of the Hohenzollerns. As the seat of the ruler, the city’s political significance is increased, but also results in a loss of its freedoms.

1499 Johann Cicero (1455-1499), elector from 1486 to 1499, dies, and is succeeded by Joachim I Nestor (1484-1535), elector from 1499 to 1535. Berlin and Cölln have a combined population of about 12,000 citizens.

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