1608 Joachim Friedrich (1546-1608), elector from 1598 to 1608, dies, and is succeeded by Johann Sigismund (1572-1619), elector from 1608 to 1619.
1618 July 18 Upon the death of the duke of Prussia, and with the succession of Johann Sigismund, Markgraf von Brandenburg, the two polities are united in personal union, colloquially called Brandenburg-Prussia, while the territory of Brandenburg is later known as Kurmark province.
1619 Johann Sigismund (1572-1619), elector from 1608 to 1619, dies, and is succeeded by Georg Wilhelm (1595-1640), elector from 1619 to 1640.
1640 Georg Wilhelm (1595-1640), elector from 1619 to 1640, dies, and is succeeded by Friedrich Wilhelm (1620-1688), “the Great Elector,” elector from 1640 to 1688.
1647 An avenue is laid out between the Berlin City Palace and the Tiergarten, the elector’s hunting preserve west of the city. It will later become known as Unter den Linden.
1648 By the end of the Thirty Years’ War, the population of Berlin-Cölln has dropped by half to 6,000 inhabitants. The Peace of Westphalia (Westfalen) brought to Brandenburg the former princebishophrics of Magdeburg, Halberstadt, Minden and Cammin, but Rügen and part of Pomerania had to be given up to Sweden.
1657 September 19 Ducal Prussia gains full sovereignty from Poland. The electoral cap which had until then crowned the smaller versions of the arms on coins, was adorned with bows as in a ducal crown.
1658-1683 Berlin and Cölln are built up to create a fortress in the form of a star with 13 bastions. Remains of these fortifications can still be seen near the Märkisches Museum.
1671 Berlin’s Jewish community is founded. By 1700 it has grown to a total of more than a thousand people and 114 families. One year later, the Huguenot community is founded with an initial 100 members. By 1677, the community numbers more than 700.
1685 Friedrich Wilhelm, "the Great Elector," issues the Edict of Potsdam. Many of the Huguenots being persecuted in France for their faith move to Berlin and Mark Brandenburg. Starting as early as 1661, the Great Elector issued a number of edicts easing restrictions on immigration for new settlers and people suffering religious persecution.
1688 Friedrich Wilhelm (1620-1688), “the Great Elector,” elector from 1640 to 1688, dies, and is succeeded by Friedrich III (1657-1713), elector from 1688-1701, then king until 1713 as Friedrich I. The population of Berlin-Cölln reaches 20,000. Trade and the economy experience sustained growth largely due to the influx of immigrants.
1695 The elector Friedrich III has a palace built for his wife, Sophie Charlotte, west of Berlin-Cölln near Lietzenburg. After her death in 1705, it is renamed Charlottenburg Palace.
Copyright ©1993-2008 R.H. Perez-Cruet. All Rights Reserved. Educational Use Only.