Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg was formed in 2001 by merging the former East Berlin borough of Friedrichshain and the former West Berlin borough of Kreuzberg. The historic Oberbaumbrücke links both districts across the river Spree as the new borough's landmark. See our borough maps.
The former districts of Kreuzberg and Friedrichshain had few things in common (one thing is nowadays for sure the attraction to students, politically left and young creative people), due to their history on each side of the wall. Since the political decision to merge, these two districts work politically together. The name was made by flipping a coin. They both have a rather poor population (high unemployment rate) and they are a habitat to a young and alternative, often politically left oriented crowd.
Kreuzberg is one of Berlin's most eclectic districts, home to a unusual mix of left-wing punks, anarchists, gays, creative artists and Turkish immigrants, the last of which make up a third of the population and have earned the area its occasional nickname Little Istanbul. The district has gentrified to some extent in recent years, with dot-coms, marketing agencies, designers etc. moving into renovated lofts, but there are still plenty of kebab joints, funky nightclubs, and pictures of Abdullah Öcalan gazing down from Communist Party of Kurdistan propaganda posters.
The counterculture tradition especially of Kreuzberg led to a plurality of votes for the Green Party, which is unique among all Berlin boroughs. The local MP Hans-Christian Ströbele was the only Green politician directly elected to the federal Bundestag parliament.
The Individual Localities (Ortsteile) of Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg:
Ortsteile: Friedrichshain, Kreuzberg.
Popular Places to Visit in Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg:
- Jüdisches Museum Berlin - Jewish Museum designed by Daniel Libeskind. .
- Deutsches Technikmuseum - German Technological Museum Berlin.
- Berlin Wall Museum - Checkpoint Charlie - Tours of the museum and to the Wall.
- Martin-Gropius-Bau - Guided tours of the museum and exhibitions.
- Topography of Terror - Open-air exhibition and documentation center.
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