A Complete List of German Political Parties

Germany has a multi-party system, with two large parties, three substantial smaller parties, and a large number of minor parties. The Christian Democratic Union and Christian Social Union of Bavaria call themselves "sister-parties." They do not operate in the same regions and form one group in the Bundestag, the German Federal Diet (parliament). Following the last federal elections in September 2005, the parties below currently participate in the Bundestag, sorted by the number of seats:

Other parties. In addition to those parties that won representation in the Bundestag in 2002, a variety of minor parties won a cumulative total of 3.0% of the vote, down from 5.9% in 1998. A total of 22 other parties were on the ballot in one or more states, but did not qualify for representation in the Bundestag. The far-right-wing (eg. neo-Nazi) parties remained fragmented and ineffectual at the national level.

Minor Parties with 0.1%+ of Vote in Last Federal Elections

  • National Democratic Party (NPD) (Nationaldemokratische Partei Deutschlands): 1.6%
  • German People's Union (DVU) (Deutsche Volksunion)
  • The Republicans (REP) (Die Republikaner): 0.6%
  • The Grays – Gray Panther (Die grauen Panther - GRAUE): 0.4%
  • Family Party of Germany (Deutsche Familienpartei): 0.4%
  • Human Environment Animal Welfare (Mensch Umwelt Tierschutz): 0.2%
  • Party of Bible-abiding Christians (Partei Bibeltreuer Christen - PBC): 0.2%

Other Minor Parties in Germany

  • Anarchist Pogo Party of Germany (APPD) (Anarchistische Pogo-Partei Deutschlands)
  • Bavaria Party (Bayernpartei)
  • Communist Party of Germany (KPD Red Dawn)
  • Communist Party of Germany (KPD 1990)
  • German Centre Party (Deutsche Zentrumspartei - ZENTRUM)
  • German Communist Party (DKP) (Deutsche Kommunistische Partei)
  • Christian Centre Party (Christliche Mitte - CM)
  • Citizens Make Politics (Bürger machen Politik)
  • Civil Rights Movement Solidarity (Bürgerrechtsbewegung Solidarität - BüSo)
  • Die Violetten - für spirituelle Politik
  • Ecological Democratic Party (Ökologisch-Demokratische Partei - ÖDP)
  • Feminist Party of Germany (Feministische Partei - DIE FRAUEN)
  • Free Voters (Freie Wähler)
  • Marxist Leninist Party of Germany (MLPD - Marxistisch-Leninistische Partei)
  • Die PARTEI - party created by editors of the satirical magazine titanic
  • Projekt Partei Project Party
  • Social Equality Party (Partei für Soziale Gleichheit - PSG)
  • South Schleswig Voter Federation (SSW - Südschleswigscher Wählerverband)

Defunct parties

Law and Order Offensive Party (Partei Rechtsstaatlicher Offensive - Offensive D)

Historical parties

Parties Existing Before World War II

  • Bavarian People's Party (BVP) - Bavarian Regionalist (1920-1933)
  • Center Party - Christian Democrat/Conservative (1871-1947)
  • Communist Party of Germany (KPD) - Communist (1919-1956)
  • Communist Party Opposition (KPO)- Communist
  • Conservative People's Party (KVP)
  • Free Conservative Party (FKP)
  • General German Workers' Association (ADAV)
  • Independent Social Democratic Party of Germany (USPD) - Socialist (1917-1922)
  • German Conservative Party (DKP) - Conservative (before 1918)
  • German Democratic Party (DDP) - Left-Liberal (1918-1930, became the German State Party, which lasted until 1933)
  • German National People's Party (DNVP) - Nationalist-Conservative (1918-1933)
  • German People's Party (DVP) - National-Liberal (1918-1933)
  • German Progress Party (DFP) - Left-Liberal (before 1918)
  • German Racialist Freedom Party (DVFP) - anti-semitic (early Weimar period)
  • German Workers' Party (DAP) - precursor to the Nazi Party (1919)
  • National Liberal Party - Right Liberal (before 1918)
  • National Socialist German Workers' Party - aka the Nazi Party (NSDAP) (1919-1945)
  • Progressive People's Party
  • Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD, still in existence)
  • Social Democratic Workers' Party of Germany (SDAP) (since 1875 Social Democratic Party of Germany)
  • Socialist Workers' Party of Germany (SAP) (since 1875 Social Democratic Party of Germany)
  • Socialist Workers' Party of Germany (SAP) (between 1931 and 1941/45 a Social Democratic Party left of the SPD)

Defunct Parties in (former) West Germany

  • German Party (DP) - Conservative
  • German Empire Party (DRP) - Far right (1949-64)
  • German Right Party (DReP) - Far right (1946-51)
  • Communist Party of Germany (KPD) - Communist (1918-1956)
  • Socialist Reich Party (SRP) - National Socialist

Parties in (former) East Germany

As a socialist state

  • Christian Democratic Union (CDU)
  • Liberal Democratic Party of Germany (LDPD)
  • Democratic Farmers' Party of Germany (DBD)
  • National Democratic Party of Germany (NDPD)
  • Socialist Unity Party of Germany (SED)

During transition

  • Alliance 90
  • Alliance for Germany
  • Association of Free Democrats
  • Democracy Now
  • Democratic Awakening
  • East German Green Party
  • Free Democratic Party
  • German Forum Party
  • German Social Union
  • Initiative for Peace and Human Rights
  • New Forum

Related Pages on this Wiki: German Intelligence Agencies

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